Common questions

What are suction devices?

What are suction devices?

A suction machine, also known as an aspirator, is a type of medical device that is primarily used for removing obstructions — like mucus, saliva, blood, or secretions — from a person’s airway.

What equipment is needed for suctioning?

Supplies include a suction machine or suction connection, connection tubing, non-sterile gloves, yankauer, water and a sterile basin, mask, and clean towel. Suctioning may cause splashing of body fluids. 5.

Who needs suctioning?

In addition, suctioning may be needed when you: Have a moist cough that does not clear secretions. Are unable to effectively clear secretions from the throat. Are having difficulty breathing or feel that you can not get enough air.

What are the indications for suctioning?

Indications for suctioning include:

  • Audible or visual signs of secretions in the tube.
  • Signs of respiratory distress.
  • Suspicion of a blocked or partially blocked tube.
  • Inability by the child to clear the tube by coughing out the secretions.
  • Vomiting.
  • Desaturation on pulse oximetry.

What are the types of suction?

Nasotracheal suctioning: Nasotracheal suctioning, like nasopharyngeal suctioning, accesses the airway through the nose, but is reserved for middle and lower airway issues. Suctioning through an artificial airway: Artificial airways must regularly be cleared of secretions, and suctioning supports this goal.

How do you perform a suctioning procedure?

  1. Step 1: Gather the supplies.
  2. Step 2: Wash your hands.
  3. Step 3: Check portable suction equipment.
  4. Step 4: Place portable suction unit on a flat, dry and safe surface.
  5. Step 5: Set the suction pressure.
  6. Step 6: Pick up clean suction catheter.
  7. Step 7: Put on gloves.
  8. Step 8: Connect the tubing to the suction catheter.

What is the normal range of negative pressure when suctioning an adult patient?

Suction pressure should be kept at less than 200 mmHg in adults. It should be set at 80 mmHg to 120 mmHg in neonates. [3] The catheter size used for suction should be less than 50% of the internal diameter of the endotracheal tube.

Do you Preoxygenate before suctioning?

Wash your hands and put on a new pair of gloves before touching the patient to begin oxygenation. Preoxygenate the patient using 100% oxygen before suctioning them. Neonates are the only exception to this rule. When working with a newborn, give 10% more than the baby’s baseline FiO2.

What are types of suction?

The portion of the airway that requires suctioning and whether or not the patient has an artificial airway determine the type of suctioning you perform. The most common types are oropharyngeal and nasopharyngeal suctioning, nasotracheal suctioning, and suctioning through an artificial airway.

Is Trach suctioning sterile?

Tracheostomy suctioning is a sterile and delicate procedure. It is important to understand associated risks to prevent transfer of bacteria, harm delicate mucous membranes, or risk compromising oxygen levels in the patient.

What are the steps for suctioning a tracheostomy?

Always wear gloves when suctioning so that germs and infections are not transferred.

  • Never suction for lengths of time longer than 5 or 10 seconds.
  • Use saline solution in the trach to loosen secretions and make the suction process easier.
  • Wash hands before and after suctioning a patient-even if gloves are worn.
  • What is respiratory suction?

    Respiratory suction pumps help reduce the amount of debris and obstructions that may prevent an individual from breathing properly. These devices are stationary units prescribed for in-home treatments, and should not be moved on a regular basis.