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How does Bainbridge reflex prevent pulmonary edema?

How does Bainbridge reflex prevent pulmonary edema?

Increasing the heart rate serves to decrease the pressure in the superior and inferior venae cavae by drawing more blood out of the right atrium. This results in a decrease in atrial pressure, which serves to bring in more blood from the vena cavae, resulting in a decrease in the venous pressure of the great veins.

How do stretch receptors control heart rate?

Special pressure sensors called baroreceptors (or venoatrial stretch receptors) located in the right atrium of the heart detect increases in the volume and pressure of blood returned to the heart. These receptors transmit information along the vagus nerve (10th cranial nerve) to the central nervous system.

What triggers the Bainbridge reflex?

The Bainbridge reflex (aka, atrial reflex) occurs when the heart rate increases in response to a rise in atrial pressure. This is a compensatory mechanism since increased right atrial pressures frequently result from elevated left heart pressures from decreased cardiac output.

What activates the Bainbridge reflex?

The Bainbridge reflex is elicited as a result of an increased volume of blood in the heart, which causes sympathetic nervous system stimulation. Stretch receptors are located in the right atrium, junction of the vena cava, and pulmonary veins.

What initiates the Bainbridge reflex?

What are the factors affecting venous return to the heart?

Venous return is facilitated by a number of factors, including inspiration, increased total blood volume, increased venomotor tone, the cardiac suction effect, the presence of venous valves and the skeletal muscle pump.

What increases venous return to the heart?

Respiration – During inspiration, venous return increases as the thoracic cavity’s pressure becomes more negative. This reduced intrathoracic pressure draws more blood into the right atrium. This results in greater venous return.

What is meant by vagal tone?

Vagal tone is activity of the vagus nerve, the 10th cranial nerve and a fundamental component of the parasympathetic branch of the autonomic nervous system. This branch of the nervous system is not under conscious control and is largely responsible for the regulation of several body compartments at rest.

What is Marey reflex?

The eponymous “Bainbridge reflex” is named after him, being explained as an increased heart rate due to an increase of right atrial pressure. Bainbridge’s findings contradicted “Marey’s Law”, a law that stated that an increase in blood pressure caused a lowering of the heart rate.