Common questions

What is hydroxycinnamic acid used for?

What is hydroxycinnamic acid used for?

Hydroxycinnamic acids and their derivatives display antioxidant, anti-collagenase, anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial and anti-tyrosinase activities, as well as ultraviolet (UV) protective effects, suggesting that they can be exploited as anti-aging and anti-inflammatory agents, preservatives and hyperpigmentation- …

What is P-coumaric acid used for?

Coumaric acid (CA) is a phenolic acid of the hydroxycinnamic acid family, and it has many biological functions such as anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory, antidiabetic, anti-ulcer, anti-platelet, anti-cancer activities, etc.

What is Cumaric?

Hydroxycinnamic acids are structures bound to plant cell walls that require the release by enzymes such as esterases of the colonic microflora. From: Polyphenols: Mechanisms of Action in Human Health and Disease (Second Edition), 2018.

What are Hydroxycinnamates?

Cinnamates are a group of non-flavonoid phenolics containing only one aromatic ring and one carboxylic acid group; they are produced by phenylalanine precursors through the shikimate pathway by non-animal organisms (Taiz and Zeiger, 2010).

What does Rosmarinic acid do?

In plants, rosmarinic acid acts as a defense compound, protecting against pests and infections ( 6 ). However, rosmarinic acid has different effects in humans. This compound is mainly known for its powerful antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties.

Is caffeic acid the same as caffeine?

Despite its name, caffeic acid is unrelated to caffeine.

What foods have hydroxycinnamic acids?

The main hydroxycinnamic acids in foods Kiwis, blueberries, plums, cherries, apples, pears, chicory, artichokes, carrots, lettuce, eggplant, wheat and coffee are among the richest sources.

Are there polyphenols in red wine?

Antioxidants in red wine called polyphenols may help protect the lining of blood vessels in your heart. A polyphenol called resveratrol is one substance in red wine that’s gotten attention for its health benefits. Alcohol itself may have some protective effects when consumed in moderation.

Is rosmarinic acid a flavonoid?

Rosmarinic acid (RA) (Figure 4.13) is a polyphenolic antioxidant hydroxycinnamic acid found in many Lamiaceae herbs and widely used culinary herbs.

Is rosmarinic acid Safe?

Single dose of Melissa officinalis extract containing 500 mg rosmarinic acid appears to be safe and tolerable in healthy individuals. Food intake increased the exposure of rosmarinic acid and delayed absorption of rosmarinic acid in healthy individuals.

Is caffeic acid safe?

Some skin and body care companies add caffeic acid to products because of its antioxidant properties. A handful of manufacturers offer caffeic acid supplements. Most research has found that caffeic acid can slow or reverse inflammation. Research has also found that caffeic acid is safe, even in relatively large doses.