What are Osteofascial compartments?
What are Osteofascial compartments?
A fascial compartment is a section within the body that contains muscles and nerves and is surrounded by fascia.
What are the 4 compartments of the lower leg?
The lower leg subdivides into four compartments which are the anterior, lateral, superficial posterior and deep posterior compartments.
What is anterior compartment of the leg?
The anterior compartment of the leg is one of the four compartments in the leg between the knee and foot. Muscles within this compartment primarily produce ankle dorsiflexion and toe extension.
What is located in the posterior compartment of the leg?
The deep posterior compartment muscles include the flexor hallucis longus, flexor digitorum longus, tibialis posterior and popliteus muscles.  The flexor hallucis longus is primarily involved with flexing the big toe while also having limited contribution to plantar flexion of the ankle.
What are the three compartments of the leg?
|Anterior compartment||Tibialis anterior Extensor hallucis longus Extensor digitorum longus Peroneus tertius|
|Lateral compartment||Fibularis longus Fibularis brevis|
|Deep posterior compartment||Tibialis posterior Flexor hallucis longus Flexor digitorum longus Popliteus|
What is compartment syndrome of the lower leg?
Compartment syndrome of the lower leg is a condition where the pressure increases within a non-extensible space within the limb. This compromises the circulation and function of the tissues within that space as it compresses neural tissue, blood vessels and muscle.
What can be found in each compartment in the lower leg?
The lower leg is divided into four compartments by the interosseous membrane of the leg, the anterior intermuscular septum, the transverse intermuscular septum and the posterior intermuscular septum. Each compartment contains connective tissue, nerves and blood vessels.
What motion is the lateral compartment of the lower leg responsible for?
There are two muscles in the lateral compartment of the leg; the fibularis longus and brevis (also known as peroneal longus and brevis). The common function of the muscles is eversion – turning the sole of the foot outwards. They are both innervated by the superficial fibular nerve.
What artery supplies the lateral compartment of the leg?
The function of the superficial fibular nerve, anterior tibial artery, and fibular artery include providing a neurovascular supply to the lateral leg compartment.
Where are the fascial compartments of the leg located?
The fascial compartments of the leg are the four fascial compartments that separate and contain the muscles of the lower leg (from the knee to the ankle). The compartments are divided by septa formed from the fascia.
What causes pain in closed osteofascial compartment?
It is a painful condition caused by the increase interstitial pressure (intracompart-mental pressure – ICP) within a closed osteofascial compartment which impair local circulation. It occurs most often in the legs, but it can affects also the arms, hands, feet, and buttocks.
Where does muscle compartment syndrome occur in the calf?
Muscle compartment syndrome is a relatively common occurrence in the osteofascial compartments of the calf. It also may occur in other anatomical compartments. Other common sites are the forearm, thigh, foot and hand. It may be associated with supracondylar humeral fractures in children.
What are the four compartments of the lower leg?
Intermuscular septaEdit. The lower leg is divided into four compartments by the interosseous membrane of the leg, the anterior intermuscular septum, the transverse intermuscular septum and the posterior intermuscular septum. Each compartment contains connective tissue, nerves and blood vessels.