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What are the main features of promethazine toxicity?

What are the main features of promethazine toxicity?

The main feature of promethazine toxicity is delirium, the probability of which can be predicted from the dose ingested. The administration of charcoal and the presence of co-ingestants appears to reduce the probability of delirium in a predictable manner.

Is it safe to take promethazine at reduced dosage?

The sedative action of promethazine is additive to the sedative effects of other CNS depressants, including alcohol, narcotic analgesics, sedatives, hypnotics, tricyclic antidepressants and tranquilizers; therefore, these agents should be avoided or administered in reduced dosage to patients receiving promethazine.

When to use promethazine hydrochloride suppositories?

Promethazine hydrochloride rectal suppositories may be used if the oral route is not feasible, but oral therapy should be resumed as soon as possible if continued therapy is indicated. The administration of promethazine hydrochloride in 25 mg doses will control minor transfusion reactions of an allergic nature.

When to use promethazine for morning sickness in the UK?

To combat moderate to severe morning sickness and hyperemesis gravidarum: In the UK, promethazine is drug of first choice, being preferred as an older drug with which there is a greater experience of use in pregnancy (second in line being metoclopramide or prochlorperazine ).

How is promethazine injected into a large muscle?

Formulated with phenol, promethazine has a pH between 4 and 5.5. Although deep intramuscular injection into a large muscle is the preferred par-enteral route of administration, product labeling states that the drug may be given by slow IV push, which is how it is typically given in most hospitals.

How much promethazine should I take in an IV?

Consider 6.25 to 12.5 mg of promethazine as the starting IV dose, especially for elderly patients. Hospitals have reported that these smaller doses have proven quite effective. Dilute the drug. Require further dilution of the 25 mg/mL strength to reduce vesicant effects and enable slow administration.

What to do if you have an allergic reaction to promethazine?

Wear protective clothing and use sunscreen (SPF 30 or higher) when you are outdoors. Get emergency medical help if you have any signs of an allergic reaction: hives; difficult breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat. Stop using promethazine and call your doctor at once if you have: