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What type of volcano is galunggung?

What type of volcano is galunggung?

Mount Galunggung (Indonesian: Gunung Galunggung, formerly spelled Galoen-gong) is an active stratovolcano in West Java, Indonesia, around 80 km (50 mi) southeast of the West Java provincial capital, Bandung (or around 25 km (16 mi) to the east of the West Java town of Tasikmalaya).

How many times has Mount Galunggung erupted?

As further background, some of the historical eruptions were explosive, centered at the volcano’s crater lake. These eruptions occurred four times, in 1822, 1894, 1918, and 1982-1983.

What tectonic plate is galunggung on?

Eurasian plate
Galunggung Volcano | John Seach. oceanic plate beneath the Eurasian plate. volcano and produced a large debris flow. Typically quiescent periods at the volcano last for several decades followed by explosive eruptions which last hours to days.

When did galunggung last erupt?

January 31, 1984
Galunggung/Last eruption

What is Galunggung in English?

galunggung (fish) Last Update: 2016-04-21.

Why does Indonesia have so many volcanoes?

Indonesia is the country that contains the most active volcanoes of all countries in the world. The Eurasian Plate, Pacific Plate and Indo-Australian Plate are three active tectonic plates that cause the subduction zones that form these volcanoes.

What is the plate tectonic setting of Indonesia?

Tectonics. The tectonics of Indonesia are very complex, as it is a meeting point of several tectonic plates. Indonesia is located between two continental plates: the Eurasian Plate (Sunda Plate) and Australian Plate (Sahul Shelf); and between two oceanic plates: the Philippine Sea Plate and Pacific Plate.

What country has the most volcanoes on Earth?

With more than 13,000 islands, Indonesia leads the world with the largest number of active volcanoes. The areas volcanoes have also produced the most fatalities.

Why do earthquakes occur in Indonesia?

Indonesia is prone to earthquakes because it lies on the so-called Ring of Fire – a line of frequent quakes and volcanic eruptions on the Pacific rim. The Indian Ocean tsunami of 2004 killed 170,000 people on the Indonesian island of Sumatra after a quake of magnitude 9.1.

How many times has Galunggung erupted?

Photo by Jack Lockwood, U.S. Geological Survey, August 17, 1982. The first historic eruption of Galunggung was in 1822. Since then the volcano has erupted four times, most recently in 1984. This photo shows a column of ash rising above the summit during the large (VEI=4)Vulcanian-type eruption.

What volcano is most likely to erupt?

Part of the famed Pacific Ring of Fire , Mount St Helens has been named the most likely of the contiguous US volcanoes to erupt.

What kind of volcano is Mount Kelut?

Kelud (Klut, Cloot, Kloet, Kloete, Keloed or Kelut) is an active stratovolcano located in East Java, Indonesia. Like many Indonesian volcanoes and others on the Pacific Ring of Fire , Kelud is known for large explosive eruptions throughout its history. More than 30 eruptions have occurred since 1000 AD.