What is epidemiological analysis?

What is epidemiological analysis?

Epidemiology is the study and analysis of the distribution (who, when, and where), patterns and determinants of health and disease conditions in defined populations.

What are the limitations of epidemiology?

It may tell us how much physical activity people do but does not inform us of the quality of that physical activity. Nor does epidemiology tell us about the quality of life people are living. It can report on self-reported happiness, but beyond this, it is limited in how to determine what is making people happy.

What are the advantages of epidemiology?

Epidemiology: Advantages and disadvantages of cohort study

  • Incidence can be directly calculated.
  • Direct estimation of the relative risk (RR)
  • More than one outcome of the risk factor can be studied.
  • Dose response relationship with exposure can be studied.
  • Temporal association of the exposure with the outcome can be seen.

What does epidemiology mean in medical microbiology?

Epidemiology – Medical Microbiology – NCBI Bookshelf This chapter reviews the general concepts of epidemiology, which is the study of the determinants, occurrence, distribution, and control of health and disease in a defined population.

How are rates and patterns related in epidemiology?

The resulting rate allows epidemiologists to compare disease occurrence across different populations. Pattern refers to the occurrence of health-related events by time, place, and person.

How to describe epidemiologic data in a report?

Footnotes that explain any abbreviations used, the data sources, units of measurement, and other necessary details or data. Text that highlights the main patterns of the data (this text might appear within the table or graphic or in the body of the report). Round data to two statistically significant or effective numbers.

How is epidemiology related to other scientific fields?

However, epidemiology also draws on methods from other scientific fields, including biostatistics and informatics, with biologic, economic, social, and behavioral sciences. In fact, epidemiology is often described as the basic science of public health, and for good reason.