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What causes smog to form?

What causes smog to form?

Photochemical smog is produced when sunlight reacts with nitrogen oxides and at least one volatile organic compound (VOC) in the atmosphere. Nitrogen oxides come from car exhaust, coal power plants, and factory emissions. When sunlight hits these chemicals, they form airborne particles and ground-level ozone—or smog.

What chemicals make up smog?

Smog, formed mainly above urban centres, is composed mainly of tropospheric ozone (O3); primary particulate matter such as pollen and dust; and secondary particulate matter such as sulphur oxides, volatile organic compounds, nitrogen oxides (NOx) and ammonia gas.

What are 2 main causes of smog?

The emissions from vehicles and industries, as well as the combustion of wood and coal together with the buildup of certain weather conditions, are the main causal agents of smog. The terminology refers to a mixture of liquid and solid fog and smoke particles.

What are the three main causes of smog?

Smog is often caused by heavy traffic, high temperatures, sunshine, and calm winds. These are a few of the factors behind an increasing level of air pollution in the atmosphere.

Who gave the term smog?

Dear Robert, It’s a word with an interesting derivation and, sad to say, a word that poor air quality requires us to use more often than we would prefer to. London, England, physician Harold Des Veaux coined the word smog in 1905 to describe natural fog contaminated by smoke: smoke + fog yielded smog.

What made this smog worse than others before it?

This smog was worse than others before it. The weather was very cold. People were burning more coal than usual to stay warm. And there was no wind to clear away the dirty air.

Can you smell smog?

The deadly smog can cause eye irritation, coughing, difficulty breathing, congestion and other respiratory problems. Unlike fog, you can actually smell the smog and know the difference! While fog is whiter in colour, the air we see around us has tones of grey, which the scientists term as smog and not fog.

What countries have a huge smog problem?

World air quality report

Rank Country/Region 2019 AVG
1 Bangladesh 83.30
2 Pakistan 65.80
3 India 58.10
4 Mongolia 62.00

Who had coined the term smog * 1 point?

physician Harold Des Veaux
London, England, physician Harold Des Veaux coined the word smog in 1905 to describe natural fog contaminated by smoke: smoke + fog yielded smog.

Are “smog test” and “emissions test” the same thing?

This test is sometimes called an emissions test, a smog check, or a smog test. They are all the same thing though the type of test performed depends on your vehicle type and where you live. The purpose of a smog test is to ensure that your car’s tailpipe emissions to not exceed the levels set by the BAR Smog Check Program. This is beneficial to both the car and the environment because the test can identify repairs which will improve your engines performance while also helping our environment.

What year was smog exempt?

Is a 1980 car exempt from smog in California Currently, smog inspections are required for all vehicles except diesel powered… What year is the cut off for California smog exempt cars? Smog inspections are exempt for vehicles 1975 and older.

How much does a smog check cost?

Typical Cost of a Smog Test. According to SmogTips, the typical smog check price ranges from $29.95 to $69.95, depending on several factors such as the state and the county of residence, the type and age of your vehicle, and the type of smog test needed by your vehicle.

What is smog exemption in California?

classic cars do qualify for a smog exemption in California. By definition, a classic or antique car is any vehicle that is 25 years or more old. Since cars built before 1975 are exempt from the California smog certification program, owners are not required to have their vehicles checked for smog-producing emissions.