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What was Harold Urey known for?

What was Harold Urey known for?

The pioneering work of American chemist and physicist Harold C. Urey on isotopes led to his discovery of deuterium in 1931 and earned him the 1934 Nobel Prize in Chemistry . This discovery was one of his many contributions in several fields of science during his long and diverse career.

Where is Harold Urey from?

Walkerton, IN
Harold Urey/Place of birth

Who is the inventor of heavy hydrogen?

Urey, in full Harold Clayton Urey, (born April 29, 1893, Walkerton, Ind., U.S.—died Jan. 5, 1981, La Jolla, Calif.), American scientist awarded the Nobel Prize for Chemistry in 1934 for his discovery of the heavy form of hydrogen known as deuterium.

What did chemists Stanley Miller and Harold Urey discover?

In 1953, Stanley Miller and Harold Urey did an experiment to test Oparin and Haldane’s ideas. They found that organic molecules could be spontaneously produced under reducing conditions thought to resemble those of early Earth.

Who is John Oparin and Haldane?

In the 1920s British scientist J.B.S. Haldane and Russian biochemist Aleksandr Oparin independently set forth similar ideas concerning the conditions required for the origin of life on Earth.

Who discovered heavy water?

Urey won the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1934 for discovering deuterium, the key component of heavy water. Gilbert Lewis, a renowned chemist at U.C. Berkeley, isolated the first sample of essentially pure heavy water from ordinary water in 1933.

Which is heavier deuterium or tritium?

Deuterium and tritium are isotopes of hydrogen, the most abundant element in the universe. Whereas all isotopes of hydrogen have one proton, deuterium also has one neutron and tritium has two neutrons, so their ion masses are heavier than protium, the isotope of hydrogen with no neutrons.

Where did Harold Urey do most of his research?

Harold Urey. After he received his PhD in 1923, he was awarded a fellowship by the American-Scandinavian Foundation to study at the Niels Bohr Institute in Copenhagen. He was a research associate at Johns Hopkins University before becoming an associate professor of Chemistry at Columbia University.

How big was Harold Urey’s grating spectrograph at Columbia?

Urey had access to a 21-foot (6.4 m) grating spectrograph, a sensitive device that had been recently installed at Columbia and was capable of resolving the Balmer series. With a resolution of 1 Å per millimetre, the machine should have produced a difference of about 1 millimetre.

What was the name of Harold Urey’s parents?

Harold Clayton Urey was born on April 29, 1893, in Walkerton, Indiana, the son of Samuel Clayton Urey, a school teacher and a minister in the Church of the Brethren, and his wife Cora Rebecca née Reinoehl. He had a younger brother, Clarence, and a younger sister, Martha.

When did Harold Urey discover the heavy form of hydrogen?

In the year 1931 Urey already knew of the possibility that hydrogen could exist in a heavy form whose mass was double that of its usual form. He then read a paper suggesting that about one hydrogen in every 4,500 might be heavy. Urey decided he would try to find ‘heavy hydrogen.’