What are the three main epidemics in Africa?

What are the three main epidemics in Africa?

Results: The most commonly reported epidemic outbreaks in Africa include: cholera, dysentery, malaria and hemorrhagic fevers (e.g. Ebola, Rift Valley fever, Crimean-Congo fever and yellow fever).

What is the major epidemic that is spreading thru Africa?

On March 23, 2014, the World Health Organization (WHO) reported cases of Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) in the forested rural region of southeastern Guinea. The identification of these early cases marked the beginning of the West Africa Ebola epidemic, the largest in history.

What are 5 facts about Ebola?

Ebola: Ten facts about this deadly virus

  • Ebola is a virus disease.
  • The virus is transmitted from animals to human.
  • It was first discovered in DR Congo.
  • Ebola starts with flu-like symptoms.
  • The Ebola virus attacks the immune system.
  • It can be transmitted through body fluids.
  • There is still no cure available.

What are some famous epidemics?

Pandemics in the past century

  • 1918 flu pandemic (H1N1 virus): 1918–1920.
  • 1957 flu pandemic (H2N2 virus): 1957–1958.
  • 1968 flu pandemic (H3N2 virus): 1968–1969.
  • SARS-CoV: 2002–2003.
  • Swine Flu (H1N1pdm09 virus): 2009.
  • MERS-CoV: 2012–2013.
  • Ebola: 2014–2016.
  • COVID-19 (SARS-CoV-2): 2019–ongoing.

Where did the Spanish flu start?

The first confirmed cases originated in the United States. Historian Alfred W. Crosby stated in 2003 that the flu originated in Kansas, and author John M. Barry described a January 1918 outbreak in Haskell County, Kansas, as the point of origin in his 2004 article.

What place in Africa is affected by Ebola virus?

The deadliest outbreak of Ebola in the world occurred between 2013 and 2016 and mainly affected nations in West Africa with the most affected being Guinea, Sierra Leone , and Liberia . According to data from the World Health Organization, 28,616 people were infected with the virus with about 11,300 fatalities.

What caused the HIV epidemic in Africa?

Although East and Southern Africa’s HIV epidemic is driven by sexual transmission and is generalised, meaning it affects the population as a whole, certain groups such as sex workers and men who have sex with men have significantly higher HIV prevalence rates.

What is the total death rate of Ebola?

The Ebola virus, or Ebola fever, is a particularly deadly disease with a mortality rate of 60-90 percent.

How many people died from Ebola?

Ebola crisis. More than 21 months on from the first confirmed case recorded on 23 March 2014, 11,315 people have been reported as having died from the disease in six countries; Liberia, Guinea, Sierra Leone, Nigeria, the US and Mali. The total number of reported cases is about 28,637.