What strategies are used to combat malaria?

What strategies are used to combat malaria?

In most malaria-endemic countries, four interventions—case management (diagnosis and treatment), ITNs, IPTp, and IRS—make up the essential package of malaria interventions. Occasionally, other interventions are used: Larval control and other vector control interventions. Mass drug administration and Mass fever …

WHO malaria control strategies?

The main current measures are focused on reduction of the contact between mosquitoes and humans, the destruction of larvae by environmental management and the use of larvicides or mosquito larvae predators, and destruction of adult mosquitoes by indoor residual spraying and insecticide-treated bed nets.

What is the most effective control for malaria?

Vector control Anopheles mosquitos are vectors? for malaria. This means that they transmit the disease from one human or animal to another. Vector control of malaria refers to any method to limit or eradicate malaria-carrying Anopheles mosquitos. Vector control is one of the most effective ways of controlling malaria.

How can we stop malaria from spreading in Africa?

The main method of preventing malaria in high risk areas with one or more malaria cases per 1000 inhabitants per year is the use of insecticide-treated bed nets and the spraying of insecticide on the inside walls of houses.

What factors have contributed to the reduction in malaria deaths?

Population-wide protection can result from the killing of mosquitoes on a large scale where there is high access and usage of such nets within a community. Indoor residual spraying (IRS) with insecticides is another powerful way to rapidly reduce malaria transmission.

Why is it difficult to control the spread of malaria?

Malaria is a difficult disease to control largely due to the highly adaptable nature of the vector and parasites involved.

What are the other three basic elements of WHO global malaria control strategy?

The strategy’s 4 main components are diseases management through early diagnosis and prompt treatment, planning and application of selective and sustainable preventive measures, early detection or prevention of epidemics and their containment, and regular assessment of the malaria situation.

Can your body fight malaria on its own?

The mosquito-borne parasites that cause human malaria and make it particularly lethal have a unique ability to evade destruction by the body’s immune system, diminishing its ability to develop immunity and fight the infection, a Yale study has found.

Which African country has no malaria?

Algeria becomes the third African country to be certified malaria-free following Mauritius in 1973 and Morocco in 2010. In Lesotho, Libya, Tunisia, Seychelles and La Réunion, the other African territories declared free of the disease, malaria either never existed or disappeared without specific measures.

What is the survival rate for malaria?

The average malaria mortality by gender was 44.9% for females and 55.1% for males. The age of death varied from 0 to 96 years, with an average age of 25.9 (SE = 0.79) years old. January presented the highest average of malaria deaths, and urban areas presented a lower crude malaria mortality rate.